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Production and circulation of thin walled pottery from the Roman port of Neapolis, Campania (Italy)

Vincenza Guarino, Alberto De Bonis, Illuminata Faga, Daniela Giampaola, Celestino Grifa, Alessio Langella, Viviana Liuzza, Raffaella Pierobon Benoit, Paola Romano, Vincenzo Morra

Abstract


Seventeen samples of thin walled pottery from the Roman port of Neapolis (late II century B.C. - early III century A.D.) were studied in order to ascertain the type of clay and temper utilised, and their provenance. Seven samples of thin walled pottery from a homogeneous group (based on mineralogical and chemical characteristics) represent a local production of this ceramic class within the Neapolis area. This group was manufactured with a low-CaO clay, that probably derived from a weathered or alluvial deposit, together with reworked pyroclastic material (e.g., Sorrento area or Sebeto River plain) and volcanic sand from the Neapolitan area, containing both Somma-Vesuvius and Phlegraean Fields products. Two other fragments could be attributed to different Campanian production areas, such as the Pozzuoli area. Eight outlier fragments found in the port of Neapolis probably originate from extra regional production sites (e.g. southern Tuscany or the Arno valley).


Keywords


Thin walled pottery; Neapolitan production; Neapolis; Roman port; Southern Tuscany



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2451/2016PM618



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